On how Iraqi forces’ abuses resulted in alienated individuals and potential ISIS’ victims

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“ While maintaining security and rebuilding the city is vital for enticing people to return, the behaviour of the Iraqi security forces – which include Shia soldiers – towards the mainly Sunni residents will be one of the ways in which Baghdad’s efforts will be measured in Mosul. Many are quick to point out that the reason, in the summer of 2014, for Isis’s success in the city – an insurgent flashpoint since 2003 – was the abuses of the Iraqi security forces, which led to alienation. Since 2003, Iraqi forces have carried out abuses against the civilian population with complete impunity, mainly targeting Sunni Arabs […] They have carried out campaigns of arbitrary detention, enforced disappearance, torture and extrajudicial killings. These have all been key push factors for young Sunni Arab men to join Isis ”

Fazel Hawramy, ‘Mosul’s residents tell of hopes and fears after ISIS flees Iraqi city’, The Guardian

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On the death of a young immigrant in Italy

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“ Milet is a victim of the unjust regime of her country, from which she escaped. A country that everyone knows, but nobody cares about. Milet is a victim of our frontiers, as legitimate as unjust, when they are bumped into the face of the people and close inexorably before their cry of help. Milet is the victim of a so-called civilized society, that names principles, those of fraternity, freedom, equality, principles in whose name people have been persecuted and killed. Principles that are not applied equally to everyone. There are those who are more brothers, more free and more equal than others. This is an injustice our civilization must be ashamed of. Milet is a victim of so many files that lie for too long on the tables of those who have responsibilities, of unjust procedures that become a dilation in giving justice to the poor asking for help ”

Translated from Italian.

Michele Luppi & Andrea Quadroni, ‘The deaths of the border in Ventimiglia’, Open Migration

On the gender identities amongst young people

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“ There is a need to be thoughtful about the language we use, and to differentiate between gender, biological sex and sexuality. While biological sex development can be ascertained, an individual’s gender and sexuality cannot be assumed on the basis of this. In general, sex hormones can be said to be binary in terms of their actions. Male sex hormones masculinise the body whereas female sex hormones feminise the body. However it is not just the physical body that is so strongly associated with gender. There are many other attributes associated with being male or female, including behaviours, activity preferences and individual characteristics (…) Most often the gender assigned at birth, based on physical sex characteristics, turns out to be the gender we continue to identify with. But this is certainly not always the case. For gender-diverse young people, self-identified gender does not conform to expectations based on their external genitalia. While most trans young people identify with the opposite gender, other gender identities are emerging, including non-binary, gender-queer and gender fluid ”

Polly Carmichael, ‘A child without a gender challenges our preconceptions about sex’, The Guardian

On Turks marching for justice and freedom

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“ Our walk indicates our determination to defend freedom of expression and our right to peaceful demonstration in Turkey. We are walking to remind those who choose to rule by decree and intimidation that ours is a social contract: we, as citizens, submit to the authority of the state in exchange for the protection of our rights. We are walking to restore that contract; we are walking to restore democracy, justice and our hard-earned fundamental freedoms. We are walking to lift the deceptive veil of democracy from what is in fact a harsh authoritarian regime ”

Kemal Kılıçdaroğlu, ‘We are marching to halt Turkey’s slide into authoritarianism’, The Guardian

On Silicon Valley workplace and gender inequality

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“ The New York Times has published an article that talks – for the first time in a complete and explicit way, naming many people involved – about the many cases of sexual abuse and harassment suffered by some Silicon Valley entrepreneurs engaged in development of their technological startups. The evidence gathered confirms the difficulties that many women face everyday in work environments occupied almost exclusively by men, with investments that are at least directed towards entrepreneurial initiatives of women and the adoption of policies to reduce gender disparities ”

Translated from Italian.

Il Post, ‘The Silicon Valley has a serious problem with women’, Il Post

On the sad story of the brave Turkish protester Veli Saçılık

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“ Saçılık lost his arm in 2000, three years after being arrested in a workers’ union demonstration, when the government cracked down on hunger strikers in prisons around the country. His arm was severed and he came round handcuffed to a hospital bed. The lost limb was later was found in bin outside the jail. ‘I was not an armed terrorist, but even if I were, that’s not what I deserve,’ he said. ‘I don’t usually cry, but I cried then, out of anger rather than sadness.’ (…) ‘I’m a one-armed person, and there’s a teacher with a pacemaker, but our argument is strong and these people are obviously normal and innocent when the government tries to portray us as terrorists,’ he said. ‘We are right, our argument is right, and they know that. Whenever we try to demand our rights, it ends in detentions, beatings, torture or death. But I’m hopeful, that’s why I’m protesting ”

Kareem Shaheen & Gözde Hatunoğlu, ‘One-armed Turkish protester denounces investigation against him’, The Guardian

On women’s reactions to harassment

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“ Women don’t want to come across as though they’re overreacting or hysterical – common accusations when you speak up about harassment. You don’t want to make a fuss because you know saying anything will just make the exchange last longer. Or get confrontational. And so you laugh and smile, nod and remove yourself from the situation as quickly as possible. Maybe because it’s easier, but often because it’s safer. Women have been berated, attacked – and, in extreme situations, killed – for rejecting men. And so smiling politely becomes like muscle memory ”

Jessica Valenti, ‘Trump was sleazy with a reporter. Her awkward laugh felt all too familiar’, The Guardian